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Arne Jacobsen

Arne Jacobsen

(1902-1971) Jacobsen was one of Denmark's most influential 20th century architects and furniture designers. Both his buildings and designer furniture combined modernist ideals with a Nordic love of naturalism.

After graduating from university, Arne Jacobsen worked in the architect's office of Paul Holsoe. In 1931 he founded his own designer studio, which he directed until his death in 1971. From 1956 onwards he also held a professorship in architecture at the Royal Academy of Arts in Copenhagen.

Arne Jacobsen, who worked in architecture, interior decoration, retro furniture, textile and porcelain design, stood out in all areas with his clear styling and the successful combination of form and function. Some of his creations became classics even during his lifetime and can be seen in the film '2001 A Space Odyssey'.

Today, Arne Jacobsen is remembered primarily for hisdesigner furniture. However, he believed he was first and foremost an architect. According to Scott Poole, a professor at Virginia Tech, Arne Jacobsen never used the word, notoriously disliking it.

His way into product design came through his interest in Gesamtkunst and most of his designs which later became famous in their own right were created for architectural projects. Most of his designer furniture was the result of a cooperation with the furniture manufacturer with which he initiated a collaboration in 1934 while his lamps and light fixtures were developed with Louis Poulsen. In spite of his success with his chair at the Paris Exhibition in 1925, it was during the 1950s that his interest in designer furniture peaked.

A major source of inspiration stemmed from the bent plywood designs of Charles and Ray Eames. He was also influenced by the Italian design historian Ernesto Rogers, who had proclaimed that the design of every element was equally important "from the spoon to the city" which harmonized well with his own ideals.

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